Privoxy, as an heir to Junkbuster, is a Free Software project. As such, Privoxy development is potentially open to anyone who has the time, knowledge, and desire to contribute in any capacity. Our goals are simply to continue the mission, to improve Privoxy, and to make it available to as wide an audience as possible.
One does not have to be a programmer to contribute. Packaging, testing, documenting and porting, are all important jobs as well.
You will also need to have a git package installed, in order to access the git repository. Having the GNU build tools is also going to be important (particularly, autoconf and gmake).
For the time being (read, this section is under construction), you can also refer to the extensive comments in the source code. In fact, reading the code is recommended in any case.